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Supervision process of international air cargo

Date:2021-04-1332 count
Air freight is an important part of modern air logistics and air freight business. Air freight is an indispensable way to transport valuables, fresh goods and precision instruments in international trade. Air cargo provides safe, fast, convenient and high-quality services.

1. Declaration of customs declaration




(1) The customs declarant of the customs declaration unit shall deliver the customs declaration form and the attached documents that have been reviewed and printed by the document review center to each site of our office through the mailbox and window.




(2) The customs officer on the order receiving post reviews whether the customs declaration documents are consistent, whether the documents are consistent with the computer data, whether the customs declaration documents are filled in in a standardized manner, and whether the attached documents are complete. Check various written documents (license, mechanical and electrical examination, processing trade manual, tax collection and exemption certificate, foreign exchange verification form, etc.). For the customs declaration that does not meet the requirements or the contents of the single or single machine are incorrect, the order shall not be accepted, and the reason for returning the order shall be indicated on the customs declaration. If the order needs to be deleted and reported again, the request for deleting the order shall be proposed, and the reason for returning the order shall be indicated




(3) After receiving the order, customs declaration documents that are released without taxes will be directly transferred to the release link for release; For customs declaration documents with taxes, the tax issuing post issues the tax documents and transfers them to the window or mailbox for distribution. After the declarant pays the taxes, the tax verification post writes off the taxes. Import and export release of customs declaration documents.




(4) The import and export release post shall comprehensively review the customs declaration form, and determine whether to inspect it according to the specific conditions (instructions in the process of document review and receipt and the actual conditions of the document). The customs declaration forms that do not need to be inspected shall be released directly, the customs declaration forms that need to be inspected shall be controlled, and the goods shall be released after the inspection is completed. The released document is transferred to the window issuer.




(6) In case of any problem, if the import and export declaration documents need to be retained on the same day, the section chief shall register them.






2. Inspection




(1) The customs declaration form of the goods to be inspected shall be transferred to the customs inspection post internally, and the customs inspector shall check the quantity of the customs declaration form and sign for it. The team leader is responsible for printing out the inspection work sheet, and marking out the inspection key points to do a good job of order distribution.




(2) The customs declarer shall take the inspection notice to the inspection site for inspection. The customs officers search for the customs declaration form to be checked, and carry out the actual inspection of the goods along with the owner's warehousing. The inspection work sheet shall record the inspection operation and the actual situation of imported goods in detail.




(3) After the inspection of the goods, the customs inspector shall print the inspection record sheet, which shall be signed by the customs declarer for confirmation. For the normal goods, the customs inspector will release the inspection work order, inspection record together with the customs declaration form through internal circulation and playback of the bank post. After release, the customs broker can pick up the goods against the documents. The goods found to be abnormal shall be temporarily detained, and the report form of privacy investigation shall be filled in and handed over to the investigation department for handling.




(4) The customs inspection shall be carried out by two persons. When opening the goods for inspection, the customs broker or the owner of the goods shall be present to accompany them and be responsible for unpacking, moving and resealing the goods.




(5) In order to ensure the inspection quality and prevent smuggling, no inspection procedures will be handled half an hour before work if there are no special circumstances. For goods that are submitted to the inspection site after 3:30 on the same day or cannot be inspected on the same day due to customs reasons, each site shall register. Make an appointment with the customs broker for the inspection time of the next day, and give priority to the inspection after going to work the next day.






3. Supervision regulations and operation procedures for means of transport carrying goods transferred between customs offices




Import transit:




(1) The customs declarant shall go through the formalities of customs transfer declaration at the customs transfer declaration post with the import waybill, invoice, customs transfer contact letter and the registration book of the supervision vehicle;




(2) After reviewing relevant documents and registration books, the customs transfer management post shall operate the customs transfer procedures and handle the customs transfer procedures;




(3) The checkpoint inspection post shall inspect the goods according to the situation, check the goods, supervise loading the goods into the supervision vehicle, and seal the supervision vehicle.




Export through customs:




(1) The checkpoint inspection post opens the lead seal and supervises the warehousing of goods;




(2) After the customs transfer management verifies that the "customs seal" issued by the customs at the place of departure is consistent with the data recorded in the H883 system, it shall go through the formalities of customs transfer and sign on the original export waybill for release.






4. Operation process of all business links at the inbound and outbound express supervision site




Express classification:




According to the classification standards determined in the Measures of the Customs of the People's Republic of China on the Supervision of Inbound and Outbound Express Mail, the import and export express mail can be divided into the following four categories: Class A express mail: Document express mail; Class B express mail: Express mail that is exempt from tax according to the current laws and regulations; Class C express mail: dutiable goods that exceed the tax exemption scope specified in the current laws and regulations, but do not exceed 5000 yuan; (except for goods that are prohibited or restricted from import and export) Class D express mail: express mail other than the above three categories.




Express declaration:




(1) The express EDI user receives the electronic data transmitted by overseas companies in the form of EDI, converts it into data that can be processed by the customs computer through the conversion program, and then transmits it to the customs computer system, constituting the data declared to the customs;




(2) The non EDI users of express mail shall enter the data in the terminal mode by the pre entry company and transmit it to the customs computer system to form the data declared to the customs.




(3) The express data under each general waybill constitutes an express EDI message. Document express and non document express shall not be declared under the same general waybill.




(4) The electronic data of customs declaration transmitted by express companies to the customs via EDI and terminal pre entry has legal effect.






What is the supervision process of international air cargo




Express check:




(1) After the customs receives the electronic data transmitted by the express company, the H883/EXP system will automatically review the express declaration data, make logical judgments according to the basic classification standards of express, determine the release or customs declaration of each bill, and write the inspection release code.




(2) The express document reviewer shall use the H883/EXP system to audit the express declaration data by means of manual intervention, and determine the audit results by reviewing the name, value, recipient and weight of the express according to the express inspection standards specified in the express supervision measures. Rewrite the inspection code.




(3) The express audit result and inspection release code are: R release C inspection D customs declaration




(4) After reviewing the express declaration data, the customs will save the review results and feed them back to the express companies. The express EDI users will print various notices according to the review results. Non EDI users of express mail will print various notices by the pre entry company or customs according to the audit results. (Express EDI release notice, express EDI inspection notice, express EDI customs declaration notice) Each express company fills in the KJ1, KJ2, KJ3 customs declaration forms according to the audit results of the customs.




Express inspection and release:




(1) Inspection and release of Class A express: the express company shall handle the release procedures at the customs with the completed KJ1 customs declaration form, accompanied by EDI release notice, EDI inspection notice and general waybill. After reviewing the relevant documents, the customs shall conduct machine inspection or unpacking inspection on the express. After verification, the EDI release notice shall be stamped with the release seal, and the EDI release notice and the waybill shall be stamped with the seal on the perforation to release the goods.




(2) Inspection and release of Class B express: the express company shall handle the release procedures at the customs with the completed KJ2 customs declaration form, accompanied by EDI release notice, EDI inspection notice, general waybill, partial waybill and invoice. After reviewing the relevant documents, the customs shall conduct machine inspection or unpacking inspection on the express. After verification, the goods shall be released with the release seal affixed on the waybill.




(3) Inspection and release of Class C express: the express company shall take the completed KJ3 customs declaration form with EDI release notice, EDI inspection notice, general waybill, separate waybill and invoice to the customs to handle the release procedures. After reviewing the relevant documents, the customs shall conduct machine inspection or unpacking inspection on the express. After verification, the goods shall be released with the release seal affixed on the waybill. The inspection and release of Class D express is the same as that of ordinary import and export goods.


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